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優秀現在完成時解析及習題.ppt

'優秀現在完成時解析及習題.ppt'
現 在 完 成 時 態The Present Perfect Tense1. Has China held the Olympic Games so far ?--- Yes it has . It has ____ held them. It has ____held the Olympic Games before .2. Has America ever had the Olympic Games ?---Yes , it has . It has ____had them for several times .3. Which country has just held the Olympic Games ?---England has just held them . already ever already現在完成時態(時間狀語)so far/by now/till nowalready/yetnever/everjustbefore一般過去時(時間狀語)yesterdayago last night/week/…in 1998at that momentjust now現在完成時態:表示過去發生或已經完成的某一動作對現在造成的影響或結果,也可以表示過去已經開始,一直持續到現在的動作或狀態。結構:have/has + done (動詞的過去分詞)現在完成時與一般過去時的區別: 現在完成時表示過去發生的某一動作對現在造成的影響或結果,強調現在的情況,它與現在有密切的關系,它不能和表示過去的時間狀語連用。 一般過去時只表示過去的動作或狀態,和現在不發生聯系,可以和表示過去的時間狀語連用。Liu Xiang has gone to France .Liu Xiang went to France last week.A: Look at the picture, who is he ?B: He’ Wang Zhizhi .He ____ ever ______( play) basketball in America .A: But he ______(come) back four days ago .hasplayedcameA: Which country is it ?B: It’s England .A: Oh, I see. It ______(hold) the Olympic Games many years ago.B: Yes, it ______ already _____(hold) them several times.heldhasheldFill in the blanks:1.Tom _____ just ______ (finish) his homework. He ____(do ) it just now.2. Three minutes ago, he _____ (call) Mr Smith, but he _____ (be not) in at that moment . 3.Alice ____________(not see) the film before, but her sister ______ (see) it two days ago .4.---_____ Mike ______ (repair) the computer yet ? ---Yes,he has. He _______(repair) it himself last night .5.These cities ___________ (change) a lot in the past years.6. Jack ______(begin)to collect stamps in 2001,he ___________ (collect) a lot of stamps so far.7.China _____ already_____(have) the chance to hold the Olympic Games .hasfinisheddidcalledwasn’thasn’t seensawHasrepairedrepairedhave changedbeganhas collectedhashadWhen did the Olympic Games begin? ---The Olympic Games _____more than 2000 years ago . ---The Olympic Games have been popular in the world ____ more than 2000 years. --- The Olympic Games have begun ______more than 2000 years ago .---It is more than 2000 years since the Olympic Games began .beganforsinceA: What’s your hobby?B: My hobby is drawing pictures.A: When did you learn to draw pictures ?B: I learned it 4 years ago .I have learned it for 4 years // since 4 years ago // It’s 4 years since I learned to draw pictures. Key points:since 和 for都可以引出時間狀語與現在完成時連用 。for+時間段(與延續性動詞連用,不能與瞬間動詞連用) since+過去的時間點since+時間段+agoIt’s +一段時間 +since從句(從句用一般過去時)Exercises:1.Tom borrowed a book from the library last week .He has _______it for 3 days .2.---When did you join/take part in Greener China ? ---I’ve _________________ of Greener China for 2 years.3.I left my hometown in 1996 . I’ve ____________ from my hometown for about 10 years.4. --- Oh, what a bad cold I’ve caught ! ---How long have you _____ it ? ---Since 2days ago .5. ---Have you got a dictionary ? ---Yes, I bought it last year. ---Though you’ve ______ it for several months,it loks like a new one. keptbeen a memberbeen awayhadhad1.So far ,we ____ 200 English words .have copyed B.have copied C.copyed D.copied 2. A number of the students _______ the film yesterday .see B. saw C. seen D.have seen3. How long _____ he ______ in this factory ?has, come B. have, come C. has, been D. have,been4. He’s never been to China, _______ ?has he B. hasn’t he C. isn’t he D. is he5. My grandma ______ in this village for ten years ,she _____ there in 1994. has lived,has moved B. has lived, movedC. lived, has moved D. lived, movedExercises:BBCAB7. How long has the girl’s mother ______?died B. dead C. been died D. been dead8. How many words have you learned _______ you began to learn English ?for B. if C. before D. since9. _____ have you been a member of Greener China ?How often B. How long C. When D. How far10. ---Has he finished his homework ? ---No, he hasn’t finished it ______ .A. already B. ever C. yet D. beforeDDBCThe Smiths _______________(watch) TV this time yesterday .She ____________(make) a lot of friends here so far.Her parents _____________(not write) to her since they left.It is five years since he _________(join) the Party.They _______(live) in this city ten years ago.He ______just ______(come) back from the city .---Can Alice go hiking with us tomorrow ? ---If she _______(feel) better tonight .8. Someone _______(call) you just now .用所給動詞的適當形式填空were watchinghas madehaven’t writtenjoinedlivedhascomefeelscalled
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完成時 優秀 習題 現在 解析
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