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會考復習代詞.ppt

'會考復習代詞.ppt'
Pronouns 代詞一.概念: 代詞是代替名詞的詞, 按其意義、特征及其在句中的作用分為:人稱代詞、物主代詞、指示代詞、反身代詞、相互代詞、疑問代詞、不定代詞、連接代詞和關系代詞等。二.相關知識點精講1.人稱代詞  1)人稱代詞的人稱、數和格中文主格賓格所有格名詞性物代反身代詞我我們你你們他她它他們 I me my mine myself we us our ours ourselvesyou you your yours yourselfyou you your yours yourselves he him his his himself she her her hers herself it it its its itselfthey them their theirs themselves2)人稱代詞有主格和賓格之分。通常主格作主語,賓格作賓語。如:   I like table tennis. (作主語) Do you know him?(作賓語)3)人稱代詞還可作表語。作表語時用賓格。如:---Who is knocking at the door?---It’s me.4)人稱代詞在than之后與其他人或事物進行比較時,用主格和賓格都可以。如:He is older than me/ I. 5)并列人稱代詞的順序。單數:2,3.1. 復數:1,2,3(1)My grandma still treats me like a child. She can’t imagine ______ grown up. (2006重慶) A. my B. mine   C. myself D. me 解析:由語境可知“她沒想到我已成年了””,應當用賓格me作imagine的賓語;短語形容詞grown up(成熟的,成年的)作賓補。答案是D。(2)Catherine bought a postcard of the place she was visiting, addressed ______ to______ and then posted it at the nearby post office.(2006安徽) A. it; her B. it; herself C. herself; her D. herself; herself 解析:由address sth. to sb. (3)I intended to compare notes with a friend, but unfortunately ______couldn’t spare me even one minute. (2004重慶) A. they B. one C. who D. it(4)—Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard. —Why_____? John is sitting there doing nothing. (2003全國) A. him B. he C. I D. me 解析:感嘆疑問句或省略句中用人稱代詞的賓格。 答案是D提示:下列情況也用賓格: ①在be后作表語。 —Who is it? —It’s me. —誰?—是我呀。 ②在單獨使用或帶not的簡略回答中。如: —Who broke the cup? —誰打破了杯子? —Me! (Not me!)—我!(不是我!) —I like swimming. —我喜歡游泳。 —Me too. —我也是。 EG1: May I speak to John? --- This is _____ speaking. A. he B. his C. him D. himself 2. 在電話用語中常用主格?!  ? ---- I wish to speak to Mary. --- 我想和瑪麗通話。  ---- This is _____.       --- 我就是瑪麗。3. 在介詞 but,except 后,有時可用主格代替賓格。 EG: All but _____ to the concert tomorrow. A. he and I am going B. he and I are going C. he and me are going D. his and me am going  she二.物主代詞形容詞性物主代詞: my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their…名詞性物主代詞: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs…He is ( my, mine ) teacher.Her brother is almost as old as ( mine, my).I’ll do my work and you’ll do ( yours, your, your’s).A friend of ( mine, my, I ) is going to Berlin.This is no fault of ( yours, your ). 【真題再現】(5)Some of the stamps belong to me, while the rest are _____. (2004上海春) A. him and her B. his and hers C. his and her D. him and hers 解析:在句中作表語,指“他的郵票和她的郵票”用his and hers (=his stamps and her s。省略部分。self(表達)devote oneself to(致力于) dress oneself(穿衣) find oneself(發覺自己在)help oneself to(隨便吃)hide oneself(躲藏)keep sth. to oneself(保守秘密make oneself at home(不要拘束,就像在自己家里一樣seat oneself make yourself understood 使你的話被人理解 1-for oneself(為自已或替自已)You must find it out for yourself.(獨自地)They kept it for themselves(為自已)2-of oneself自然地,自動地The enemy will not perish of himself.The door opened of itself.3-by oneself獨自地,自單干I’m busy, would you go there by yourself.They made the machine all by themselves.不定代詞的用法1.both(兩個都), either(兩個中人任一個), neither(兩個都不) (1) Here are two pens. You may take either of them.(賓語) (2) Neither boy knows French.(定語) (3) both…not/ not…both 并非兩個都… Both of the students are not clever. =Not both of the student are clever. =One student is clever but the other is not.2.All(整個,三者或以上全部), any(三者或以上中任何一個,一些), none(三者或以上都不)(1)You can buy the book at any shop in Beijing.(2)None of us are/is perfect.(3)All of the village was flooded.(4)There will be only a little if any.任何一家商店沒有一個人整個, 全部要是有3.another; the other; the other+名詞(the others); other+名詞(others)(1)Another 1)another(+單數名詞)許多中的另一個 I don’t like this one. Please show me another (coat/one.)2)another+數詞+復數名詞: 又, 再 We need another three chairs for the parents.(2)the other兩者中的另外那個(特指) There are two students in the classroom. One is reading and the other is cleaning.(3)the other +復數名詞(the others):另外那些 其余所有的人和物Some of the boys went swimming, while the others sat on the beach for sunbathing.(4)other+復數名詞(others):其他…(泛指) Some believe in God; others don’t. Be kind to others.1. Tom, Please pass ________ the glasses. I want to read the newspapers. A. you B. me C. him D. her2. The doctors and nurses are doing their best to fight SARS. They think more of others than _______. A. they B. them C. themselves D. theirs單項選擇:3.---Which do you prefer, a bottle of orange or a bottle of milk? ---_________, thanks. I’d like a cup of tea. A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. None4.---How are you going to improve _____ this term? ---Work harder than last term. A. ourselves B. myself C. himself D. yourself5.---Oh! I came in a hurry and forgot to bring food. ---Never mind. You can have ________. A. us B. ours C. you D. yours6. ---Can I come this evening or tomorrow morning? ---_______ is OK. I’m free today and tomorrow. A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. None7. If you want to book a round-trip ticket, you’ll have to pay ______ $ 30. A. more B. other C. the other D. another8.---Do you live by yourself, Mr Wang? ---Yes. I have three sons. But ______ of them lives with me. They are now studying in America. A. neither B. both C. none D. either9.---I love her more than her, child. ---You mean more than ____love her or more than she loves_____? A. I, me B. Me, I C. Me, Me D. I, I
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