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人教版必修2 unit1 M2U1-語法課件-定語從句3非限定性定語從句.ppt

'人教版必修2 unit1 M2U1-語法課件-定語從句3非限定性定語從句.ppt'
Unit1 Cultural RelicsGrammarFill in the blanks1. Look at the girl ________ is singing so beautifully.2. Do you know the woman to ______ our teacher is talking?3. Jim is the boy ______ hat is red.4. He gave me a pen ___________ he bought last week.5. Mary has read all the books _________ I lent her.6. Is it the reason _____ you were late?7. October 1st is the date _____ China celebrates its National Day.8. We walked in a garden _____ many trees and flowers had been planted.9. This is the island _____ I lived for two years.10. 2001-2005 are the years _____ I studied in the university.who/thatwhomwhosethat/whichthatTips:who, whom, whose, which, that, why, when, wherewhywhenwherewherewhen關于定語從句作用作用相當于 ;修飾 ,提供人或事物更詳細的信息。表現形式由關系代詞 , 或關系副詞 等引導;也可以用 引導。在句子中的位置在所修飾的先行詞 。形容詞人或物which, that, who, whom, whosewhen, where, why介詞+關系代詞之后Warming UpThe gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it.It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country’s best artists about ten years to make.In 2003 it was ready for the people of St Petersburg, when they celebrated the 300th birthday of their city.限定性定語從句和非限定性定于從句 ——例子1, He is one of the students who has won a scholarship.2, Frederick William I, to whom the Amber Room belonged, decided not to keep it.1, She told me something that happened yesterday.2, She told me something untrue, which made me angry.限定性定語從句和非限定性定于從句限制性定語從句非限制性定語從句表意功能形式修飾先行詞修飾先行詞或整個句子無逗號與主句分開有逗號與主句分開使用時可以用that引導使用時不能用that引導與主句語意關系緊湊,定語從句不能刪除與主句語意關系松散,定語從句可以刪除練習:找出課文中的定于從句1. This gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it.2. The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown colour like honey.3. It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country’s best artists about ten years to make.4. However, the next King of Prussia, Frederick William I, to whom the Amber Room belonged, decided not to keep it.5. Later, Catherine II had the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St Petersburg, where she spent her summers.6. In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted.7. This was a time when the two countries were at war.8. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for Konigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.9. In 2003 it was ready for the people of St Petersburg when they celebrated the 300th birthday of their city.非非非非非Note1. He gave me a pen he bought yesterday.2. He gave me a pen, which he bought yesterday.關系代詞在限制性定語從句中作賓語時可 以省略。關系代詞在非限制性定語從句中作賓語不可以省略。介詞+which/ whom引導的定語從句1. 介詞的選用原則:根據定語從句謂語動詞的習慣搭配來決定。This is the book on which I spent 8 dollars.This is the book for which I paid 8 dollars.(2) 根據先行詞的習慣搭配來決定。I remember the day on which I joined the Party.I remember the days during which I lived there.2. 當介詞放在關系代詞前面時,關系代詞只能用whom(指人)或which(指物),且關系代詞不能省略。The man with whom you talked just now is my neighbor. I can’t find the pen with which I was writing .3. 當介詞位于定語從句末尾時,可用 which/that(指物), who/whom/that(指人)作從句中介詞的賓語.而且作介詞賓語的關系代詞可以省略。(whom/who/that)(which/that)Dad is a person________________ I can easily talk to.Is this the play ___________ you were talking about just now?4. 在一些固定搭配的動詞短語中,由于動詞和介詞不可分割,因此不能把介詞置于關系代詞之前。如:This is the watch (that/ which) I am looking for.The babies (who/ whom/ that) the nurse is looking after are very healthy.5. 先行詞是the way,意為“方式,方法”時,引導定語從句的關系詞用that/ in which或省略。 I didn't like the way _______________ she talked to me. The way _________________he teaches English is interesting.(that/in which)(that/in which)Exercise1. Do you remember the deer farm _____ we visited two months ago? A. why B. when C. that D. how 2. Anyway, that evening, ______ I’ll tell you more about later, was really terrible. A. when B. where C. that D. which3. John said he’d been working in the lab for an hour, ______ was true. A. that B. which C. who D. what4. Anne always spoke highly of her colleagues in the movie, ______, of course, made the others very happy. A. who B. which C. that D. what 5. Chongqing is the city ______ she lived when she was young. A. where B. which C. when D. how 6. Do you know the reasons ______ he came back? A. how B. which C. that D. why 7. There are several buildings in my school, the largest one _______ was built last year. A. which B. of it C. of them D. of whichCDBDBAD
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定語 從句 語法 m2u1 unit 限定性 unit1 必修
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