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人教版八年級英語下冊期中精品復習 .ppt

'人教版八年級英語下冊期中精品復習 .ppt'
Mid-term Examination ReviewKuaileshiguangUnit 1 What's the matter?1.提問某人怎么了? What's the matter with ...? What's wrong with...? What's the trouble/problem with...?2.患...病 (have a +疾病名) 患感冒 have a cold 胃疼 have a stomachache 發燒 have a fever 頭疼 have a headache 牙疼 have a toothache (tooth--teeth) 咳嗽 have a cough 喉嚨疼 have a sore throat 背疼 have a sore back 3.重點句型a. 詢問建議及提建議 ---What should I/she/he do? ---You/She/He should + V.原形。(should是情態動詞, should/shouldn't +V. 原形)b. 你下次不應該吃這么多。 You shouldn't eat so much next time.c. ---我應該量體溫嗎?---是的。/不是。 Should I take my temperature? Yes, you should./ No, you shouldn't.4. too much VS. much too too much + 不可數名詞 too much homework/pressure much too + adj./adv. much too heavy/fastEg. He eats ___________ food, so he is _________ fat.too muchmuch too5. enough 的用法a. 修飾n., 放在n.的前面 enough time/water/moneyb. 修飾adj./adv.,放在adj./adv.的后面old/fast enough6.重點短語 躺下休息 lie down and rest 喝蜂蜜熱茶 drink hot tea with honey 量體溫 take one's temperature 看牙醫/醫生 see a dentist/doctor 休息 take a break, take breaks, have a rest 下車 get off; 使...驚訝的 to one's surprise 立即,馬上 right away= at once 用盡 run out (of); 掌管 be in control of 做決定 make a decision, make decisions 堅持做某事 keep on doing sth. 習慣于...; 適應于... be used to (doing/n.) 過去常做某事 used to do sth.Unit 2 I'll help to clean up the city park.1. could 表示提建議 Eg.You could help to clean up the city parks. 2. 短語動詞 cheer up (cheer them up) hand out (hand them out) give out, clean up, come up with, put off, put up, call up, give up, care for, try out, give away, take after, set up,fix up在V. + adv.的結構中,代詞作賓語,應放在V.與adv.中間3. 動詞不定式 to+V. 原形a. 動詞不定式作賓語三個希望(hope, wish, expect)兩需要(need, want),設法(try)同意(agree)做準備(prepare),開始(begin)計劃(plan)莫忘記(forget),記著(remember)決定(decide)能學會(learn)b.動詞不定式作賓語補足語advise/ask/want/tell/allow/encourage/invite/would like/expect/need/wish sb. to do sth.c.動詞不定式作賓補省略不定式符號to一感二聽三讓四看半個幫助feel; listen to, hear; let, make, have; see, watch, notice, look atd.與特殊疑問詞連用, 特殊疑問詞+ to dohow to care for, what to do, where to go4. alone VS. lonelyalone 獨自地 live alonelonely 孤獨的, 寂寞的 feel lonely5. 重點短語推遲做某事 put off doing sth.幫忙解決 help out; (help sb. out)放棄做某事 give up doing sth.滿足感 a feeling of satisfaction愉快的表情 the look of joy四歲時 at the age of four有影響,作用 make a difference花費時間/金錢 Sb. spend time/money on sth. Sb. spend time/money (in) doing sth. It takes sb. some time to do sth. Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?1. Could you please+v.? (polite requests)肯定回答:Yes, sure./ Of course./Certainly./ All right./No problem.否定回答:Sorry, I can't. I have to...Could I do sth.? (ask for permissions)肯定回答: Sure./Of course./Yes, you can.否定回答: Sorry, you can't./No, I'm afraid not./I'm afraid you can't./You'd better not.2.borrow VS. lend 看主語與物品的所屬關系borrow “借入” 把本來不屬于自己的東西借來使用 borrow...from..lend “借出” 把屬于自己的東西借給別人使用 lend sth. to sb.=lend sb. sth.3.neither 的用法a. 作adv. “也不” 他不喜歡音樂。我不喜歡。He doesn't like music. Neither do I.b. 作pron. “兩者都不”我們倆都不喜歡音樂。 Neither of us likes music.4.重點短語做家務 do chores (do the dishes, take out the rubbish, fold the clothes, sweep the floor, make the bed, clean the living room)外出吃飯 go out for dinner; 在外待得很晚 stay out late遛狗 take the dog for a walk; 結束做某事 finish doing sth.和...一樣 as...as; 浪費時間 a waste of time為了,目的是 in order to; 照顧 take care of= look after結果是 as a result ; 依靠, 依賴 depend on一...就... as soon as / the minute/the moment越...,就越... the +比較級,the +比較級越早越好 the earlier, the betterEg. The more we get together, the happier we will be.Unit 4 Why don't you talk to your parents?1. 提建議的方式a. You should/could/shouldn't do sth.b. How/What about doing sth.?c. Shall we...?d. Let's do sth.?e. Would you mind doing sth.?f. You'd better (not) do sth.g. Why don't you+ V. 原形?= Why not + V. 原形?2.unitl 的用法a. 與延續性動詞連用,動詞用肯定形式, “直到...為止”Eg. I waited until he came back.b. not...until “直到...才”Eg. I didn't go to bed until midnight.3.重點短語允許某人做某事 allow sb. to do sth.和某人爭吵 get into a fight with sb.發現某人正在做某事 find sb. doing sth.歸還某物給某人 return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb. 以便 so that; 解決,計算出 work out它不是大事 It's not a big deal.與某人相處愉快 get on/along with sb.與某人交流 communicate with sb.介意(某人)做某事 mind (sb.) doing sth.害怕做某事 be afraid of doing sth.與某人競賽 compete with sb.比較 compare...with...繼續做某事 continue to do sth. (另一件事) continue doing sth. (同一件事)Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?1.The past progressive tense 表示過去某個時間點或時間段正在發生或存在的動作肯定形式:主+was/were doing sth.否定形式:主+wasn't/weren't doing sth.一般疑問句:Was/Were +主+doing sth.?特殊疑問句:What were you doing...? What was he/she doing...?時間狀語: at this time yesterday, at that time, from 6 to 9 last night, when+一般過去時2. when VS.whilea. when 既可指時間點,也可指時間段,引導的時間狀語多用一般時態。 when+一般過去時, 主句為過去進行時Eg.I was reading when he came in. When he was a boy, he was always making trouble.b. while 僅指時間段,與延續性動詞連用while + 過去進行時,主句一般過去時 主句過去進行時 (表示兩個動作同時發生)Eg. While I was reading ,he came in. While mom was cooking , dad was watching TV.
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