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介詞副詞 定語從句.ppt

'介詞副詞 定語從句.ppt'
Attributive Clause(定語從句)1. 概念 定語從句:在復合句中,修飾某一名詞或代詞的從句叫做定語從句。定語是在名詞或名詞性短語前對其進行 修飾和限制的成分2.相關信息He is an English teacher who likes singing songs.定語從句先行詞引導詞引導詞關系代詞:關系副詞:who, whom, that, which, whose as where﹑when﹑why定語從句一般放在所修飾的名詞或代詞的后面☆ 被定語從句限定的詞是_______ , 引導定語從句的詞叫做 _________ 或 _________?!?關系代詞和關系副詞有三大作用,即連接 連接定語從句和主句替代 替代前面的先行詞成分 在定語從句中要充當一定的句子成分“先行詞”“關系代詞”“關系副詞”1.The fan which you want is on the desk.2.The army dug out the people who were trapped in the ruins.3.The magazine which has been taken away is mine.4.The students who don’t study hard will not pass the exam.5.The woman whom you saw in the park is our geography teacher.6.The letter which I received yesterday is from my sister.1.that1)Let’s ask the man that is reading the book over there.人 主語2)The noodles( that) I cooked were delicious.物 賓語that 指人/物,作主語或賓語 (作賓語可省略){ The woman who/ that lives next door is a teacher.1 The woman is a teacher.2 The woman lives next door.2. which 1) They planted the trees which didn’t need much water. 2) The fish (which )we bought were not fresh. 物 主語物 賓語 可省which 指物,作主語或賓語 (作賓語可省略, 如介詞提前則不能省) { A plane is a machine which/ that can fly. 1 A plane is a machine.2 The machine can fly.It was written by Laoshe.Jane has borrowed the book. Jane has borrowed the book that/which was written by Laoshe.3.關系代詞: who和whom1). who指人,作主語或賓語 (作賓語可省略)The man who I talked with is our teacher.A person who steals things is called a thief.2). whom指人,作賓語 (作賓語可省略)The man (whom/who) I talked to is Mr. Li.Do you know the man who spoke just now?Do you know the man?He spoke just now.The girl is from America.I called her just nowThe girl (whom ) I called just now is from America.{ The lady (who/ whom) we met yesterday is Miss Green. 1 The lady is Miss Green.2 We met her yesterday.1. This is our monitor whose English is very good. 2. I borrowed a book from the library whose name is “War and Peace”. whose 用來指人或物,只用作定語。4.關系代詞 whoseDo you know the girl whose hair is very short in our class?Do you know the girl?Her hair is very short in our class.He is the student.I broke his pencil yesterday.He is the student whose pencil I broke yesterday. Which house is mine?房頂是棕色的房子是我的。1.The house is mine.whose roof is brown2.The house is brown ismine.the roof of which3.The house is brown is mine .of which the roof 1.The eggs _________ were in the basket were not fresh.2.The friend_________ came to supper last night wasn’t hungry.3.The noodles __________ you cooked were delicious.4.He saw a house ________ windows were all broken.which/thatwho/that(which/that)whoseFill in the blanks with who, whom, whose, which and that.指代所做成分是否可省略that人;物主語;賓語作賓語可省which物主語;賓語作賓語可省who人主語;賓語作賓語可省whom人賓語可省whose人;物定語不可省關系代詞的用法關系代詞: 1. that可指人,可指物, 作主語或賓語 (作賓語可省略, 前面不能加介詞。)2. which 指物,作主語或賓語 (作賓語可省略, 若介詞提前則不能省) 3. who指人, 作主語或賓語 (作賓語可省略, 前面不能加介詞。)4. whom 指。省略部分。tball well,______ helped the blind man cross the road? ---- Yes, you are right. He is always ready to help others. A. it; that; who B. which; that; that C. it; who; that D. who; which,that BC11. The theory he’s stuck ______us that earthquakes can be forecast.A, to prove to B. to proves to C. proves to D. which proved12. It was at the school _________ was named after a hero _____________ he spent his childhood.A. which; that B. where; where C. that; where D. which; whereBAas與which均可引導非限制性定語從句,有時可以互換.區別如下:1. as引導的非限制性定語從句可位于句首和句末,“正如…,正像…”; which引導的從句不能放在句首,翻譯成“這”。e.g. As we all know, the earth is round.Mary was late for school, which made our teacher angry.as 即可指人/物。在從句中可做主語,賓語。2.當從句和主句語義一致時,用as,反之則用whiche.g.She has married again, as was expected. She has married again, which was unexpected4. 必背的as 的習慣用語as we know / expect / can see 正如我們知道/期盼/看見的那樣 as we had expected as is well known 眾所周知as often happens 正像經常發生的那樣as is often the case 情況往往如此as is mentioned above 如上所述as has been said before 如前所述 as will be shown in Fig 3 將如圖3所示as is reported   正如報導的那樣 3. such…as和……同樣的; the same as像……一樣的e.g. Mr. Lee is such a good teacher as we all like. I have the same plan as you have.Mr. Lee is such a good teacher as we all like.Mr. Lee is such a good teacher that we all like him.比較 分析定語從句狀語從句He told us such a funny story that we all laughed . I have never heard such funny stories as he told .That is the same bike as I lost. That is the same bike that I lost. the same …as 同一類the same …that 同一個1. It rained hard yesterday,_____prevented us from going to the park. A. that B.which C.as D. it 2.______ is mentioned above,the number of the students in senior school is increasing. A. Which B. As C.That D.What 3. Chongqing is not the same city _______ we have seen in other places.   A. that B. which C. 不填 D. as BBD(1)我,你的好朋友,當你陷入困境的時候會幫你的。 I, who am your close friend, will try my best to help you whenever you are in trouble. (2) 《哈利·波特》是最受青少年歡迎的暢銷書之一。 Harry Potter is one of the best-sellers that are popular with teenagers. 《哈利·波特》是唯一一本讓作者成為億萬富翁的暢銷書。Harry Potter is the only one of the best-sellers that makes the author a billionaire. 定語從句中的主謂一致問題(3)他通過了考試,這使我們很驚訝。 He has passed the exam, which makes us surprised. 眾所周知,中國發生了巨大的變化。 Great changes have taken place in China, as is known to all.(4)每家有臺電視,30年前我們認為是不可能的,現在實現了。 To own a TV set in each family, which we think was impossible 30 years ago, now has become true. 【結論】定語從句中的主謂一致問題(1)關系代詞在定語從句中作主語時,從句謂語動詞的人稱和數要和先行詞保持一致。(2) one of + 復數名詞+ 關系代詞+ 復數動詞;而the only one of + 復數名詞+ 關系代詞+ 單數動詞。(3)非限制性定語從句中,由關系代詞as或which代替整個主句時,從句謂語動詞要用第三人稱單數。(4)關系代詞和謂語動詞之間有插入語時,謂語動詞單復數要看關系代詞的指代。
關 鍵 詞:
副詞 介詞 定語 從句
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