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人稱代詞課件.ppt

'人稱代詞課件.ppt'
代詞代詞的種類代詞{人稱代詞物主代詞反身代詞指示代詞疑問代詞{主格賓格{形容詞性名詞性不定代詞人稱代詞主格和賓格  單數復數第一人 稱第二人稱第三人稱第一人稱第二人稱第三人稱主格      賓格       Imeyouyouhesheithimheritweusyoutheythemyou數人稱格人稱代詞主格1、主格用來作句子的主語、表語。主語:I often go shopping on Sundays. Are they from Brazil? Where have they gone?表語:That’s it.(就那么回事) It’s he!(是他!)人稱代詞同時出現時先后排序的問題 英語中,人稱代詞同時出現時,單數形式為: you, he and I復數形式為:we ,you and they. Both __and__are working at that computer company. (I , he)當敘述的是不好的事情,或為做錯的時道歉時,通常把第一人稱放在最前面。 I,you and she made the teacher angry. heI 人稱代詞的賓格在句子充當動詞、介詞的賓語或表語Can you help me? We are waiting for them.Our teacher will have supper with us.介賓Who is there? It’s me.動賓介賓介賓表語人稱代詞作表語或者放在比較狀語從句連詞than或as之后時,可以用主格形式,也可以用賓格形式,口語中大多用賓格。 --Who is it? –It’s I/me.人稱代詞主格和賓格的區別:人稱代詞主格在句子中作主語,位于動詞前。人稱代詞賓格在句中作賓語,位于動詞后(或介詞后)。代詞it的用法指代動物、植物、物品及事情等無生命物體的單數形式。指代性別不清(如嬰兒)、身份不明的單數的人。指代天氣、時間、距離等概念,做主語。 單數復數第一人 稱第二人稱第三人稱第一人稱第二人稱第三人稱主格      賓格       單數復數第一人 稱第二人稱第三人稱第一人稱第二人稱第三人稱      賓格       單數復數第一人 稱第二人稱第三人稱第一人稱第二人稱第三人稱      賓格       單數復數第一人 稱第二人稱第三人稱第一人稱第二人稱第三人稱      格      數人稱名稱形容詞性名詞性your yoursminemyhisheritshishersitsouroursyour yourstheirtheirs形容詞性物主代詞和名詞性物主代詞兩種物主代詞的不同用法: 1)形容詞性物主代詞用來修飾后面的名詞,不能單獨應用: 1. My parents are both doctors. 2. There is something wrong with his bike. 3. They love their work in the factory. 小結:形容詞性物主代詞+名詞兩種物主代詞的不同用法2)名詞性物主代詞應單獨使用,后面不跟名詞: May I use your ruler? Mine has been lost. May I use your ruler? I have lost my ruler. Let’s clean their room first, and then clean ours. Let’s clean their room first, and then clean our room. These letters are his. These letters are his letters.小結:這種物主代詞所修飾的名詞通常出現在它的前面。3)“of + 名詞性物主代詞”稱為雙重所有格,作定語時放在名詞的后面。如:A friend of mine came to see me yesterday.(我的一個朋友昨天來看我了) (指若干朋友中有一個來看我。)[試比較] My friend came to see me yesterday.(我的朋友昨天來看我了)(指我的那個特定的朋友來看我。)1 A: Oh, dear! I can’t find my bike. B: Don’t worry. I think I can help www you. Is that one over there yours? A: Oh, yes. It’s mine. Thanks a lot.myyouyoursmine練習2. A: Could you help please? B: What’s wrong? A: jeep is broken. B: Which one is A: The green one is B: OK, I think I can help A: Thank you.usOuryoursoursyou3. A Kangaroo袋鼠 can not jump if tail is off the ground. It needs tail for pushing off.4. A: Whose wallet is it? B: I think it’s . a)your b)her c)his d)theiritsitshis反身代詞數 單 數復 數第一人稱第二人稱第三人稱第一人稱第二人稱第三人稱 英文 myself  himself herself itself   中文 我自己 你自己 他/她/它自己 我們自己 你們自己 他們自己人 稱中英文yourselfourselvesyourselvesthemselves反身代詞的用法1 在句中作賓語,表示動作反射到動作的執行者本身。1. My grandmother is too old to look after herself.2. Lei Feng was always ready to help others, he never thought of himself.3. When they woke up, they found themselves lying on the ground.反身代詞的用法2 在句中作名詞或代詞的同位語,用來加強語氣, 可譯為“親身”、“本人”、等。We ourselves will build the factory.The children made the model plane themselves.The house itself is not so beautiful.反身代詞的用法3反身代詞在實際運用中可構成許多常用詞組:by oneself for oneselfcall oneself teach oneselfhelp oneself speak to oneselflose oneself enjoy oneself親自為自己稱自己自學隨便吃自言自語= say to oneself迷路自得其樂練習1._____ love ______ country and we’ll make it more beautiful.(we)2. ______ studies in a middle school near ____ home. ( he)3. ______ ______ do it.( I )4. --Is it _______, Tom?( you) --No, it isn’t ______, (I) it must be ____( she)5. I think ______teacher is younger than _____.(we, they)WeourHehisImyselfyoursminehersourtheirs6.Everyone works hard at _____lessons in our class.7.The boy is too young. He can’t look after ______.( it)8. Open the door, Please!It’s ________.(I)9.That’s not _______, it is ______, I made it_________.(he, I, I)theiritselfmehisminemyselfthank you Make Presentation much more [email protected]官方微博@kingsoftwps
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