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人教版高中英語必修3Unit3__Grammar公開課課件.ppt

'人教版高中英語必修3Unit3__Grammar公開課課件.ppt'
賓語從句Unit3 GrammarRelated Conception (相關概念)什么是名詞?表示人或事物的名稱的詞叫名詞。2. 名詞在句子當中一般可以作什么成分?The boy is Li Ming.Mr. Liang , a 24-year-old boy, teaches us English .主語表語同位語賓語在英語的句子結構中,本來該由名詞充當的主語、賓語、表語和同位語,由一個句子來充當,這個句子就叫名詞性從句。什么是名詞性從句?名詞性從句主語從句 ( The Subject Clause)賓語從句 ( The Object Clause) 表語從句 ( The Predicative Clause)同位語從句 ( The Appositive Clause)He said that he had told Mary the fact.Nobody knew whether he could pass the exam. I know who he is . We are talking about whether we admit students into our club. I am sorry that I broke your cup.Object Clauses賓語從句一、賓語從句常見的類型:賓語從句動詞的賓語從句介詞的賓語從句 形容詞的賓語從句二、賓語從句的三種結構1.主句+that+從句2.主句+if/whether+從句3.主句+what等疑問詞+從句 1) I hear that he will be back in a month. 2) Everybody could see what happened and that Tom was frightened.3) I know nothing about him except that he is living in Beijing.4) We made it clear that we would not give in. 注意:1.and連接兩個賓語, that引導的賓語從句 放在and 后時不能省略 2.當that作介詞except, in等的賓語時 3.用it做形式賓語的賓語從句時,例如: think, find, consider+ it+ that從句 1.that引導的賓語從句1) He answered_______ he was listening to me .2) I don’t know ______ you said.3) I told him ______ happened to me last night.4) I don’t know ______ you are going to do.5) He talked about the books ______ attracted him.6) That is the day ______I'll never forget.whatthatthat用that/what 填空whatthatwhatI don’t know if / whether he is from Japan.I doubt if / whether he lives in Beijing.1、 Does he live in Beijing ? I doubt…2、 Is he from Japan? I don’t know合并句子2. if/whether引導的賓語從句 I don't know_________ or not you'll go. He doesn't know _________ to visit that old man again.  I'm interested in _______ he'll go or not. ______ he lives there, I want to know. We discuss _______ we should close the store.whetherWhetherwhetherwhetherwhether▲后面有or not▲后面跟不定式時▲賓從在介詞后▲當賓語從句置于句首時▲在動詞discuss之后1. He asked_____ could answer the question .2. Do you know_________ we’ll have a meeting?3. Please tell me _________ he is .4. Can you tell me _____ I can get to the station?5. Could you tell me _____ the train is late? 3. what ,who, where, how, why, when等引導的賓語從句whowhen/wherewhere/whohowwhy 1. When will he go to the library? His brother asks when he will go to the library . His brother asks when will he go to the library . 2. What did he want to buy ? I don’t know what did he want to buy . I don’t know what he wanted to buy .三、賓語從句的語序 主句+連接詞+從句(主+謂+其他成分)Is he a student?Who is he?I don’t know _____________who he is.Whose son is he?whose son he is.What does he do in the street?what he does in….why he is alone.Why is he alone?If/whether he is a student.What’s wrong? What’s the matter?What has happened? Who is in the classroom? what, who在賓語從句中作主語時,語序不變:A lot of people are gathering there, and I don’t know________.2)Can you tell me ________ ?否定的轉移 若主句謂語動詞為think, consider, suppose, believe, expect, guess, imagine等, 其后的賓語從句若含有否定意義,一般要把否定詞轉移到主句謂語上,從句謂語用肯定式。I don’t think you are right. 我認為你是錯的。1)I know that he______( live) here .2)Tom is upset now,and I am going to tell you what ____________ (happen)to him.四、賓語從句的時態 主句用現在時或將來時,從句可用任何時態, 根據實際情況而定。liveshas happened2.如果主句是過去的時態,賓語從句必須用過去的某一種時態1)He asked whether his father___________ (come) back tomorrow. 2)He said that he ________(see) it .would comehad seenHe told me the earth _______ (move) around the sun.3. 從句說明的是一般真理、客觀事實、自然現象時, 仍用一般現在時。movesThe teacher told me she ____ (be) born in 1960.I heard that he ____ (go) to Paris last night.4. 從句中有具體時間狀語,即使從句動作發生在主句動作前,仍用一般過去時。wentwas1. Mike insisted that we _________________ (be)late for school. 2. The doctor ordered that she _____________( stay) in bed for a few days. (should) not be (should) stay 注意:注意:在下列動詞接that從句中用 “should+動原”一個 “堅持”和“渴望” insist(堅持要) desire, 兩個“命令” command, order (命令) 三個“建議” suggest, propose, advise四個“要求” request, ask, demand, requireThe radio says it _______ (be) cloudy tomorrow. The headmaster hopes everything ______(go) well. I heard they ____________ (return) it already. Our teacher told us in class the sun _______ in the east. (rise) will be goes had returnedrises PracticeFill in the proper form of the words given1)Do you know where now? A.he lives B.does he live C.he lived D.did he live2)I don’t know ______ he will come tomorrow. _______ he comes, I will tell you A.If;whether B.whether; whether C.if; That D.if; If Practice3)He says that if it ______ tomorrow, he _____ fishing. A. will rain, won't go B. rained, wasn't go C. rains, won't go D. rain, will go 4)Please tell me _______. A. what does he like B. what he does like C. what he likes D. what he like5)We plan, if nothing goes wrong,______ we will go out this weekend.A / B that C if D whether1.I hear____________________ (他參軍了)2. She askd me _________________________________.(我會不會接受她的道歉)3. He asked _________________________________.(誰的書法是班上最好的)4.We should be grateful for____________ . (我們所擁有的)that he has joined the army.if/whether I would accept her apologywhat we have/getwhose handwriting was the best in the class1由從屬連詞 that 引導3由who,,what where,how,why,when引導2由從屬連詞 whether, if 引導Summary :三、賓語從句三要素引導詞(連接詞)二、賓語從句的三種結構一、賓語從句常見的類型語 序時 態
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必修 unit grammar 3unit3 英語 開課 高中
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