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人教版高中英語必修一第一單元語法課件.ppt

'人教版高中英語必修一第一單元語法課件.ppt'
1Grammarmade by Vicky直接引語與間接引語由直接引語變為間接引語需注意的四個變化時態變化人稱變化狀語變化(時間狀語和地點狀語)句型變化(陳述句、一般疑問句、特殊疑問句和祈使句)1 時態變化 直接引語時態 間接引語時態一般現在時一般過去時現在進行時過去進行時現在完成時過去完成時一般將來時過去將來時現在完成進行時過去完成進行時一般過去時過去完成時直接引語變間接引語時態不變的情況當直接引語是客觀真理時。當直接引語中有具體的過去某年、某月、某日作狀語時。當直接引語是過去完成時態時。當主句謂語動詞是一般現在時、現在完成時、一般將來時態時。當直接引語表示的是諺語或名人名言時。當直接引語表示客觀的時刻表時。 He said, “The earth goes around the sun.” He said that the earth goes around the sun.Mr. Wang said, “I was born in China in September,1972. ”Mr. Wang said he was born in China in September,1972.She said,“They had left when I arrived there. ”She said they had left when she arrived there.She says, “Miss liu is good at English.”She says Miss liu is good at English.He said, “ Where there is a will,there is a way. ”He said that where there is a will,there is a way. He said, “The plane takes off at 6:30 am.”He said that the plane takes off at 6:30 am.GOOD LUCK“I was driving carefully when my car hit the tree.”He told the police.He told the police that he had been driving carefully when his car hit the tree.”He told the police.注意主從復合句的直接引語變為間接引語時,從句中的一般過去時通常不變為過去完成時。人稱變化直接引語代詞 Iweyoumeusthisthese間接引語代詞he/she theyIhim/herthemthatthoseHe said,“I like it very much.”He said that he liked it very much.He said to me,“I’ve left my book in your room.”He told me that he had left his book in my room.直接引語中的狀語nowagotodaythis morning/this week……yesterdayyesterday morningtomorrowlast week/month…next week/month…here狀語變化間接引語中的狀語thenbefore/earlierthat daythat morning/week……the day beforethe morning beforethe next day/the following daythe week/ month before…the following/ next week/month..thereShe said to me,”I lived there five years ago.” She told me she had lived there five years before. She said to me,”I will see her next week.” She told me she would see her the next week.句型變化直接引語為陳述句時變間接引語的句型變化:直接引語若為陳述句,變為間接引語時,間接引語往往變成由從屬連詞that(在口語中可省略)引導的賓語從句,引述動詞常用say、tell等,從句中的人稱、時態、指示代詞、時間狀語、地點狀語等都要作相應的變化“I’m tired,”he said.He said (that) he was tried.Jim said, “I’ve read Tony ’s book and I didn’t understand it.”Jim said (that) he had read Tony ’s book and he didn’t understand it.直接引語為疑問句時變間接引語的句型變化: 直接引語為疑問句時,變為間接引語時除注意在人稱、時態和狀語等方面相應變化外,還應注意:間接引語應改為陳述語序。特殊疑問句的疑問詞應保留。一般疑問句、選擇疑問句和反意疑問句在變為間接引語時要用連詞whether(或if)。 “Is there something wrong,Madam?”asked the policeman. The policeman asked the woman whether/if there was something wrong. She asked, “What it is? What’s going to happen now?”She asked what it was and what was going to happen then. “It’s Mary,isn’t it?”asked Jane. Jane asked whether it was Mary.“Is it Mary or Lucy?”asked Jane. Jane asked whether it was Mary or Lucy.注意Whether 可與or not 連用, 表示一種選擇。而if 則不可。 He wants to know whether or not we went to dinner.當疑問詞作主語時,間接引語的語序不變。 “What’s the matter with you?”said the docotor. The docotor asked what’s the matter with me.My brother said to me, “I’m going to have a holiday next week. My brother told me he was going to have a holiday the next week. Mother said to me, “What are you doing in the room?” Mother asked me what I was doing in the room.He asked , “Can I borrow your bike?”He asked whether/if he could borrow my bike. Tom said to me, “Do you like football?”Tom asked me whether/if I liked football. The visitor ___that he ___very glad to visit our country.A. said ; was B.said ; had beenC. told ; was D.spoke ; had been答案:AHe said, “These books are mine.”He said that those books were his. She said, “I went there yesterday.”She said that she had gone there the day before.“ I’ll finish my work tomorrow,”she said. She said that she would finish her work the next day.“ Will you go abroad or stay in Beijing?”he asked me.He asked me whether/if I would go abroad or stay in Beijing.He asked her, “You have passed the eaxm, haven’t you?” He asked her whether/if she had passed the exam.Thank you for your attention!
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必修 單元 高中 語法 第一 英語
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