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人教版高中英語語法:倒裝句型.ppt

'人教版高中英語語法:倒裝句型.ppt'
倒裝句型I、完全倒裝謂語動詞完全搬到主語之前的句子。一、There be(1)There are two pens in my pencil box.(2)there be 中的be 可被半系動詞seem, appear, live, stand, lie, fly等取代,以使表達生動、鮮明。There flies a red flag on the top of the hill.二、肯定意義的副詞或介詞短語 如 here,there, now, then,up, down, in, away, off, out, in the room, on the wall 等置于句首時。In a lecture hall of a university in England sits a professor.There goes the bell.( ? )There is going the bell. ( × )三 such置于句首時.如:Such are the facts; no one can deny them.II、部分倒裝只把謂語的一部分(多為助動詞或情態動詞)置于主語之前的句子。一、 only修飾副詞、介詞或狀語從句,且在句首時。Only in this way can we learn English well.Only when he returned did we find out the Only can he answer the question.( ? )Only he can answer the question.( × )二、否定副詞 never, nor, not, hardly, little, seldom等置于句首時。如:Never before have I seen such a moving film.=I have never seen such a moving film.Not a single mistake did he make.=He didn’t make a single mistake.三、六個重要的句型:1、… …, so+be/have/助動詞/情態動詞+主They love having lots of friends, so do those with disabilities.2、… …, neither( nor)+be/have/ /助動詞/情態動詞+主I have never been abroad. Neither has he.3、so +adj./adv ……that… …如此…...以致于So clearly does he speak English that he can always make himself understood.=He speaks English so clearly that he can always make himself understood.4. Neither……nor… …Neither does he like dancing,nor he can sing well.由于neither, nor都是否定詞,所以其前后分句均需倒裝5、 not only … … but also… …Not only will help be given to people to find jobs, but also medical treatment will be provided for people who need it.6、 not … … until… …Not until he returned did we have supper.III、形式倒裝 形式倒裝只要把強調的內容提至句首,主謂并不倒裝。一、感嘆句What an interesting talk they had!How interesting their talk was!二 、The more… … the more… … The harder you work, the greater progress you will make.三、whatever; however+adj/adv 引導狀語從句的句型However difficult the problem may be, we must work it out this evening.四、名詞(無冠詞)/形容詞/副詞+as引導的讓步狀語從名Young boy as he is, he can ask such a question.
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高中 語法 倒裝 英語 句型
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