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人教版高中英語語法:名詞性從句.ppt

'人教版高中英語語法:名詞性從句.ppt'
After three hours of waiting for the train, our _______ was finally exhausted.   我們等了三個小時的火車, 最后再也沒有耐性了.I’ll look into the matter as soon as possible. Just have a little ________. I was about to tell her the secret ________ someone patted me on the shoulder. When the man was trying to break into the bank, he was caught by the police _______(當場). 5.---I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. ---Is that_______ you had a few days off? After three hours of waiting for the train, our patience was finally exhausted.   我們等了三個小時的火車, 最后再也沒有耐性了.I’ll look into the matter as soon as possible. Just have a little patience. I was about to tell her the secret when someone patted me on the shoulder. When the man was trying to break into the bank, he was caught by the police on the spot. 5.---I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. ---Is that_______ you had a few days off? She didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut. --------It was not until the window had to be shut that she went downstairs. --------Not until the window had to be shut did she go downstairs. benefit ----- beneficial Doing sports is of benefit to our health. Doing sports is beneficial to our health. Doing sports benefits our health. Our health benefits from doing sports. 句子類型簡單句并列句復合句含有主句從句形容詞性從句 (定語從句)名詞性從句(主語從句/賓語從句/表語從句/同位語從句)副詞性從句(狀語從句)Noun clauseNoun clauses as the object and predicative 名詞性從句 賓語從句 表語從句 名詞性從句相當于名詞,可分別作主句的主語、表語、賓語和同位語。因此,名詞性從句可分為主語從句、表語從句 、賓語從句和同位語從句。主語 + 不及物動詞She came./ My head aches.主語 + 及物動詞 + 賓語She likes English.主語 + 雙賓動詞 + 間接賓語 + 直接賓語She gave John a book.She bought a book for me.主語 + 賓補動詞 + 賓語 + 賓語補語She makes her mother angry.The teacher asked me to read the passage. 主語 + 系動詞 + 表語 She is happy.簡單句基本句型實例Quiz:Point out the type of each sentence.The girl read the books.The leaves turn yellow.She is the girl who sings best in my class.I believe that everything is going on well.She is not what she was ten years ago. 簡單句簡單句定語從句賓語從句表語從句I don’t knowhim.He has finished his work that he has finished his work.whether he has finished his work.賓語從句He is leaving for Washington.that he is leaving for Washington.when he is leaving for Washington.why he is leaving for Washington.how he is leaving for Washington.if/whether he is leaving for Washington. He told us that he felt ill.Your success will depend on what you do and how you do it.I am not sure what I should do.We thought it strange that Tom didn’t come today.You may rely on it that I shall help you.I suggested that he shouldn’t make noise in my class.She said (that) the earth goes round the sun.The teacher said (that) we should listen carefully in the class and that we should hand in our homework on time.Underline the objective clausethat he felt ill.Your success will depend on what you do andhow you do it.what I should do.that Tom didn’t come todaythat I shall help youthat he shouldn’t make noise in my class.(that) the earth goes round the sun.(that) we should listen carefullyand that we should hand in our有些形容詞或過去分詞后常接賓語從句,sure,glad,certain,pleased,happy, afraid,surprise,satisfied引導名詞性從句的連接詞可以分為三類:1.連接詞 that, whether, if(不充當任何成分,只起連接作用)2.連接代詞:what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whomever, which, whichever, whose (在句中擔當主語/ 賓語/ 表語/ 定語)3. 連接副詞: when, where, how, why(在句中擔當狀語,表示時間、地點、方式、原因)溫馨提示:1.if只能引導賓語從句,而whether 主語從句、賓語從句、同位語從句、表語從句都可引導。2. It looked as if/though it was going to snow.That’s because we never thought of it. 3.that只能在賓語從句中可省略,在主、表、同從句中都不能省略。1 He has no money and does not know ______he should do.2 I wonder Mr Adams, ___you’d mind us asking a few questions.3 May we ask ____ you’re doing in this country and what your plans are?4 Well, I can’t say _____ I have any plans.5 … his eyes stare at ____ is left of the brothers’ dinner on the table.6 I did not know _______I could survive until morning.whatifwhatthatwhatwhetherPractice : whether, if 1. I wonder __________ they will come to our party.2. I’m thinking of ________ we should go to see the film.3.I can’t tell you _________ or not I like it.4. The question is ________ we need more help.whether/ifwhetherwhetherwhether5. I doubt ______________he will succeed.6. I don’t doubt _______he will keep his promise.whether / ifthat表語從句That is the fact.表 語 ___________ I want to go.____________the battle took place. he was late. he reached the city. has happened.表語從句where/whywhere/when/whywhyhow/whywhatPractice :1.Jimmy is absent from school.That is_______he was badly hurt in the football game.Jimmy was badly hurt in the football game. That’s ____ he is absent from school.2.Jimmy is absent from school. The reason is______he was badly hurt in the football game.主語是reason 時連詞只能用 that 不能用becausebecausethat3.The question is ____he can do it.a.if b.whether c.that表語從句中不能用if只能用whetherbecause/why 也能引導表語從句why4. True or falseHer wish is she could lose weight soon.Fthat在表語從句中that 不能省,不作成份5.This is _____ I want.這就是我所要的。what6.The trouble is _____________ he can find a job.where/whether7.It looks_______it is going to rain.as ifPractice :1.Jimmy is absent from school.That is _______ he was badly hurt in the football game.2. Jimmy was badly hurt in the football game. That’s ______ he is absent from school.3. Jimmy is absent from school. The reason is_______he was badly hurt in the football game.4.The question is __________he can do it or not.5. My suggestion is _______ we should have a discussion about this matter.becausethatwhywhetherthat 不可省
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