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人教版高一英語unit5 Nelson Mandela--a modern hero Grammar定語從句.ppt

'人教版高一英語unit5 Nelson Mandela--a modern hero Grammar定語從句.ppt'
GrammarUnit 5 Nelson Mandela---the Attributive Clause關系代詞的基本用法三. 1. 關系代詞的基本用法關系代詞指代的先行詞充當從句的成分who人主語、賓語whom人賓語which物主語、賓語that人或物主語、賓語、表語whose人或物定語Revision1. He is a Chinese basketball player ____ is in NBA. which B. whom C. whose D. who 回顧練習 2. This is our school ____ we love very much. A. who B. whom C. which D. whose 3. We study in a school _____ environment(環境) is very beautiful. A. that B. which C. who D. whoseFind out the attributive clauses which use where and when in Reading. 找出課本P34閱讀文章中含where 和when 的定語從句Para.11.The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. (Line 2)Para.22.The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometers away. (Line 9)3. However, this was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg. (Line 12)Para.34. The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. (Line 15)5. …, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. (Line 20)Para.46. The places outside the towns where they were sent to live were the poorest parts of South Africa. (Line 23)關系副詞 指代功能when(=at / in/ on which)where (=in/ at which)why(= for which)time時間狀語place地點狀語reason原因狀語關系副詞引導定語從句時,既引導定語從句,又在定語從句中充當狀語。主干Elias first met Mandela in 1952. He was 12 years old in 1952. Elias first met Mandela in 1952 when he was 12 years old. When did Elias first meet Mandela? And how old was he? 先行詞關系副詞定語從句August 8th, 2008 is the day when the 29th Olympic Games was held in Beijing. 先行詞主干1.August 8th, 2008 is the day. 2.The 29th Olympic Games was held in Beijing on the day. 定語從句關系副詞 August 8th, 2008 is the day on which the 29th Olympic Games was held in Beijing. I still remember the holidays when I stayed with them.    when = during the holidays  I still remember the holidays during which I stayed with them.during which when小結:when在定語從句中作時間狀語,只能跟在表時間(如:time, day, week, month, etc.)相當于“介詞+ 關系代詞(which)” 時間when = in/at/on/during + which 主干The school was 3 kilometers away. Elias studied in the school for 2 years. The school where Elias studied for two years was 3 kilometers away. 2.How far was Elias’ school? How long did Elias study in the school? 定語從句先行詞關系副詞Beijing is the city _________the 2008 Olympic Games was held.where Beijing is the city where the 2008 Olympic Games was held.主干Beijing is the city. The 2008 Olympic Games was held in the city.Beijing is the city in which the 2008 Olympic Games was held.定語從句The city where our school located is called Qinzhou.定語從句主干1. The city is called Qinzhou. 2.Our school located in Qinzhou .結論:where = in which: in Qinzhou小結: where在定語從句中作地點狀語(如:place, school, factory, room, etc.) 相當于“介詞+ 關系代詞(which)”。地點 where = at/in/on+ whichBecause his family couldn’t pay the school fees and the bus fare.The reason why Elias left his school was that his family couldn’t pay the school fees and the bus fare.The reason why… was that3.Why did Elias leave his school?關系副詞先行詞定語從句The reason was destroyedis that earthquake hitThe reason _____ Tangshan was destroyed is that the earthquake hit it.唐山中國whyThe reason why Tangshan was destroyed is that the earthquake hit it.主干1.The reason is that the earthquake hit it. 2.Tangshan was destroyed for the reason. for which定語從句關系副詞先行詞小結:why通常跟在reason后引導定語從句,作原因狀語,相當于“介詞for+ 關系代詞(which)”。 原因why= for which關系代詞前介詞的確定:They’ll never forget July 1st on which Hong Kong returned to its motherland.1998 is the year in which he was born.小結:根據先行詞的習慣搭配The school to which I was sent was very large.Hong Kong is the city from which he comes.小結:根據定語從句中動詞所需習慣搭配總結 關系副詞: where, when, why時間 when = in/at/on/during which地點 where = at/in/on which原因 why = for which填 when, why & where并連線 課本P37 練習2The mines ( ) we voted was the 5th of August.The reason( ) I worked was because of my hard work.The time ( ) I joined the ANC were 9km from my house. Youth LeagueThe building ( ) I got a job was late at night.The date ( ) I arrived was very grand.wherewhywhenwherewhenEx.1. At the top of the mountain there is a small house________ we can see the beautiful scenery. 2. Who’s the man __________ you shook hands just now? 3.I will remember the time _________ I first became a high school student. 4.He didn’t give the reason ________he was late.in whichwith whomat whichfor whichPrep. +which/whomHomework新坐標P79 1.考題感悟 2.隨堂雙基練習 Ⅰ
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mandela modern nelson unit hero grammar unit5nelson 定語 英語 高一
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