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人教版選修6高二英語名詞性狀語從句(全面,具體,最新2010年版)課件.ppt

'人教版選修6高二英語名詞性狀語從句(全面,具體,最新2010年版)課件.ppt'
名詞性從句同位語從句主語從句表語從句賓語從句made by:Wang ZhaoxiaRelated Conception (相關概念)1.名詞:表示人或事物的名稱的詞叫名詞。2.名詞在句子當中一般可以作什么成分?名詞在句中主要作主語、賓語、表語和同位語。The boy is li Ming.主語表語Mr. Liang , a 24-year-old boy, teaches us English .主語同位語賓語在英語的句子結構中,本來該由名詞充當的主語、賓語、表語和同位語,由一個句子來充當,這個句子就叫名詞性從句。什么是名詞性從句?名詞性從句主語從句 ( The Subject Clause)賓語從句 ( The Object Clause) 表語從句 ( The Predicative Clause)同位語從句 ( The Appositive Clause)同理:定語從句也可以叫做形容詞性從句,狀語從句也可以叫做副詞性從句.引導名詞性從句的詞:連接詞:that(不做成分也無意義), if/ whether (不做成分但有意義“是否” )連接代詞 who(ever), (在從句中做主,賓,) whom(ever), (在從句中做賓,表)which(ever)/ whose, (在從句中做主,賓,表,定) what(ever), (在從句中做主,賓,表, “…的事物”,“所…” ). 連接副詞: when(ever), where(ver), how, why. (在從句中分別做時間,地點,方式,原因狀語) 另外:as if /as though也可以引導表語從句請判斷出下列的句子屬于哪種從句1)What I want to do is taking a bath.2)The news that they won the game spread the whole school.3)I don’t think he is an honest boy.4)The fact is that he stole the car.5)Do you know the fact that he stole the car?6)Do you know the man who is standing over there?7)It is said that they won the game.(主從)(同位語從句)(賓從)(表從)(同位語從句)(定從)(主從)________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________試區分以下句子屬于哪種從句:1)Is this museum what you visited?2)Is this the museum that you visited?3)Is this museum the one that you visited?注意:這種句子考試時一定要記住這句話:名詞前(尤其是單數可數名詞前)一定要有限定詞。然后把句子變換成陳述句,接著判斷句子是屬于哪種從句再完成。(表從)(定從)(定從)This museum is what you visited.This is the museum that you visited.This museum is the one that you visited._________________________________________________________________________主語從句(The Subject Clause)在復合句中起主語的作用。他星期三來這里是肯定的。_______________________________________ is certain.注意:從句作主語時,就算是句子意思完整,都要加上從屬連詞that(不做成分也無意義)他星期三是否來這里還不肯定的。____________________________________ is not certain.注意:主語從句表示“是否” 只用“whether” 而不用“if”(不做成分但有意義“是否” ) He will come here on WednesdayThathWhether he will come here on Wednesday 主語從句做主語時,謂語動詞通常用單數.但what引導的從句做主語時,如果表示復數意義,謂語動詞用復數.What he said_____much for us to think about. A. leave B. leavesThat I shall work with you __ a great pleasure. A.are B.isWhat he left me ______some old books. A.are B.is★★★______________________________________________________________________________________主語從句有時用“it”作形式主語,把真正的主語放在后面,以避免頭重腳輕。It is known to us that he will come here.That he will come here is known to us.It + be + 形容詞 + that從句It is necessary that… 有必要…It is important that …. 重要的是…It is obvious that…… 很明顯……It + be + -ed分詞 + that從句It is believed that… 人們相信…It is known to us/all that …. 眾所周知…It has been decided that…… 已經決定……用it做形式主語的that從。省略部分。無意義,在口語或非正式的文體中常常被省去。但有兩個或多個并列的賓語從句時,引導第二和以后幾個從句的that不可以省略.(that)在復合句中起賓語的作用,用在及物動詞/介詞之后.My uncle said (that) Peter would come and that he would also bring his son. 注意:在賓語從句中,表示“是否”既可以用whether,也可以用if.從句是否定句時一般用if。但下列情況只能用whether1.與or not連用;2.作介詞和disscuss的賓語;3.后接動詞不定式時;4.用if引導會引起歧義.Please tell me if you like it.1.請告訴我你是否喜歡它.(賓語從句,用whether好).2.如果你喜歡它就告訴我.(狀語從句).Can you tell me whether to go or to stay.我不知道他來不來。我想知道他來還是不來。你們是在談論他是否要來嗎?他不在乎天氣是否好。I don’t know whether/if he will come.I want to know whether he will come or not.Are you talking about whether he will come?He doesn’t care if it isn’t a fine day.賓語從句中的否定轉移我認為他不會來這里I think he won’t come here. ( )I don’t think he will come here. ( )注意:如果賓語從句是由think, believe, imagine, suppose等詞引導的時候,要將從句中的否定形式轉移到主句中去。賓語從句中用it作形式賓語We think it our duty that we should help others.注意:如果主句中有形容詞或名詞作賓語補足語時,一般用it來作形式賓語,把從句放在賓補后面。這種情況that不可以省略.1)We think that we should help others our duty.I find it impossible that he should finish the work in two days.2)I find that he should finish the work in two days impossible.同位語從句(The Appositive Clause)在復合句中起同位語的作用。同位語從句一般放在如idea, news, fact, promise, suggestion, belief, truth等含有豐富內涵的詞語后面,用來說明前面那個詞的具體內容。一般說來,同位語從句都用that來作連接詞,而且不能省略。也可用how, when, where等。他給了她一個承諾,他會在兩個月后回來。He gave her a promise ______________________________________.he would come back in two months.that同位語從句與定語從句的相似之處:1、兩種從句都可以譯成定語: The news that our team has won the final match is encouraging. 我們隊取得決賽勝利的消息令人鼓舞。(同位語從句)(定語從句)The news that you told us is really encouraging.你告訴我們的消息真的令人鼓舞。2、兩種從句都可以用that引導: The suggestion that students should learn something practical is worth considering. 學生應該學些實用的東西的建議值得考慮。(同位語從句)(定語從句)The suggestion that is worth considering is that the students should learn something practical.值得考慮的建議是學生應該學些實用的東西。同位語從句與定語從句的不同之處:1.從句的作用不同:同位語從句用來進一步說明前面名詞的內容;定語從句用來修飾、限定前面的名詞。 e.g. The news that our team has won the final match is encouraging. (從句說明“消息”的內容:我們隊取得了決賽勝利) The news that you told us is really encouraging.(從句對“消息”加以限定:是你告訴我們的,而非來自其他渠道。但消息是何內容卻不得而知。)(同從)(定從)Do you know the fact that he stole the car?(不做任何成分且無意義,只起連接作用)Do you know the fact that they were talking about?(指代fact又充當介詞about的賓語)(同從)(定從)2、引導從句的關聯詞that的功能不同:that引導同位語從句時是一個純連詞,不充當任何成分且無意義;而引導定語從句的that是關系代詞,既指代先行詞又須在從句中充當成分。 說出下列從句屬于哪種從句:A: Appositive(同位語); B: Attributive(定語).His proposal that we go there on foot is acceptable.Many teachers hold the view that teenagers should not spend too much time online.3.The first request that he made was to ask for freedom.4. Do you have any idea where we will be sent?5. Is this the company where your father works?6. This is the reason that he gave for his absence.7. He made an excuse that his car broke down on the way.BBBdemand ,suggestion, proposal等同位語從句的謂語動詞要用虛擬語氣,即: ( should ) + 動詞原形eg.The suggestion that the plan ( should ) be delayed延遲 will be discussed tomorrow.推遲那項計劃的建議將在明天討論。虛擬語氣在同位語從句中的用法
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