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2016年6月英語六級真題和詳細答案(第三套).doc

'2016年6月英語六級真題和詳細答案(第三套).doc'
?2016年6月大學英語六級真題第三套Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on e-learning. Try to imagine what will happen when more and more study online instead of attending school. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.注意:此部分試題請在答題卡1上作答。Section ADirections: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer. from the four choices marked A), B),C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.注意:此部分試題請在答題卡1上作答。Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.1. A) It is advertising electronic products.B) It is planning to tour East Asia.C) It is sponsoring a TV programme.D) It is giving performances in town.2. A) 20,000 pounds.B) 12,000 pounds.C) Less than 20,000 pounds.D) Less than 12,000 pounds.3. A) A lot of good publicity.B) Talented artists to work for it.C) Long-term investments.D) A decrease in production costs.4. A) Promise long-term cooperation with the Company.B) Explain frankly their own current financial situation.C) Pay for the printing of the performance programme.D) Bear the cost of publicising the Company's performance.Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.5. A) He has been seeing doctors and counsellors.B) He has found a new way to train his voice.C) He was caught abusing drugs.D) He might give up concert tours.6. A) Singers may become addicted to it.B) It helps singers warm themselves up.C) Singers use it to stay away from colds.D) It can do harm to singers' vocal chords.7. A) They are eager to become famous.B) Many lack professional training.C) Few will become successful.D) They live a glamorous life.8. A) Harm to singers done by smoky atmospheres.B) Side effects of some common drugs.C) Voice problems among pop singers.D) Hardships experienced by many young singers.Section BDirections:聽In this section, you will hear two passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.Passage OneQuestions 9 to 12 are based on the passage you have just heard.9. A) It has not been very successful.B) It has long become a new trend.C) It has met with strong resistance.D) It has attracted a lot of users.10. A) It saves time.B) It increases parking capacity.C) It ensures drivers' safety.D) It reduces car damage.11. A) Collect money and help new users.B) Maintain the automated system.C) Stay alert to any emergency.D) Wal。省略部分?!痹谖闹胁⑽刺峒?。51 [B]【定位】根據題干中的 cause 和 mass unemployment in America 定位至第 2 段第 3 句?!窘馕觥勘绢}詢問作者認為美國大規模失業的根本原因是什么。第 2 段首先否定了第 1 段末所述的“結構性失業”的說法,然后第 3 句指出,所有的事實表明,美國的高失業率其實是需求不足造成的,進而分析了“結構性失業”說法的愚蠢性。B 項中 insufficient 是原文 inadequate 的同義替換,所以選 B 項“需求不足”?!靖蓴_項排除】文章著眼于國家政策這個大格局來分析美國大規模失業的問題。A 項“公司管理不善”和 C 項“技術進步”并沒有提及;D 項“工人適應緩慢”是專家們的說辭,并不是作者的觀點。52 [D]【定位】根據題干中的 experts' claim, the author 可查找到第 2、3 段?!窘馕觥勘绢}詢問作者如何看待專家們關于失業的論斷。在第 2 段第 1、2 句作者規勸讀者不要費力去尋求證據來證明這種黯淡的觀點的合理性,因為根本沒有證據。繼而,在第 3 段給出一些例證,并得出結論,該證據有力地反駁了“我們主要遭受結構性失業”的措辭。由此,可選定 D 項“沒有根據的”?!靖蓴_項排除】作者對專家們的“結構性失業”論斷持否定態度,A 項“不言而喻的”和 B 項“發人深省的”與作者觀點相悖;作者試圖用證據表明專家們的論斷沒有根據,但沒有提及理性問題,因此可排除 C 項“不理性的”。[A]【定位】根據題干中的 the Great Depression 定位至第 5 段?!窘馕觥勘绢}詢問作者認為是什么幫助解決了經濟大蕭條時期大規模失業問題。根據第 5 段最后一句,一個龐大的國防計劃最終促成了一個財政刺激方案,其足以滿足經濟需求,很快各行業就急切雇傭了那些“適應能力差、沒有經過培訓”的工人們。簡言之,龐大的國防計劃刺激了經濟,帶動了就業。所以 A 項“蓬勃的國防工業”是正確答案?!靖蓴_項排除】B 項“那些聰明人的福利待遇”和 C 項“全國范圍內的工人培訓”只是利用文中個別詞匯 wise heads, untrained workers 等拼湊而成;D 項“行業的徹底重組”在文中找不到任何依據。54 [A]【定位】根據題干中的 claim, huge structural problems 和 multiply 定位至倒數第 2 段第 2 句?!窘馕觥勘绢}詢問是什么導致了“巨大的結構性問題”論斷的盛行。倒數第 2 段第 1 句指出:權勢者在思想上反對政府采取足夠規模的行動來刺激經濟,這就從根本上解釋了為什么“我們面臨嚴重的結構性問題”的說法如此盛行。A 項中 stimulus 對應原文的 jump-start,故選 A 項“政府刺激經杯的努力遭到強有力的反對”?!靖蓴_項排除】文中提到大規模失業嚴重削弱了我們的經濟和社會,B 項“‘非常嚴謹的人們’企圖削弱經濟”利用文中個別詞匯 Very Serious People 張冠李戴。C 項“各行業眾多部門收集到的證據”利用 evidence 一詞拼湊而成。D 項“經濟學家們沒能及時察覺出問題”在文中并未提及。55 [C]【定位】根據題干中的 author's purpose 可查找至最后一段?!窘馕觥勘绢}詢問作者寫這篇文章用意何在。文章最后一段作者呼吁讀者不要相信那些所謂“專家們”的說辭,它們根本沒有依據可言。進而其譴責政府的不作為,“我們缺少的并不是必要的技能,而是政府的政策決心?!弊髡叩母灸康氖怯跽堈扇嶋H行動來解決目前的問題。C 項中 urgent need 對應原文的 desperately needed,因此 C 項“表達需要政府采取行動的迫切性”正確?!靖蓴_項排除】A 項“證明專家們對美國問題的分析”錯誤,因為作者不認同專家們的看法。文中作者并沒有對結構性失業提出一個明確的解決方案,只是呼吁政府應該采取行動解決這個問題,所以 B 項“對結構性失業提供一個可行性解決方案”在文中找不到依據。D 項“警告美國工人適應崗位的緊迫性”利用文中個別詞匯 workers、desperately needed、unadaptable 來設置干擾。翻譯參考答案表達難點1. 第三句句子比較長,可將前半句“中國的大學……”處理為句子主干,而后半句“這些研究覆蓋……高科技領域”處理為狀語,用分詞短語 covering various high-tech fields 表達,其中“從大數據到生物化學、從新能源到機器人等”這一部分可用 such as...來表達。2. 第四句可將前半句處理為句子主干,后半句“使……商業化”處理為目的狀語,用不定式結構 to do 表達,譯為 to commercialize their innovations 。3. 最后一句中“創新的先鋒”,可用介詞短語 pioneers in innovation 表示;“以適應國內外消費市場不斷變化和增長的需求”中“國內外消費市場”可處理為“需求”的定語,用介詞短語 of both domestic and foreign consumer markets 表達;“不斷變化和增長的需求”可譯為 the changing and growing demands。參考譯文China's innovation is flourishing faster than ever before. In order to catch up with the developed countries in science and technology as soon as possible, China has substantially increased research and development funds in recent years. Universities and research institutes in China are actively carrying out innovative researches, covering various high-tech fields such as big data, biochemistry, new energy, robots. They are also cooperating with science and technology parks in different places to commercialize their innovations. Meanwhile, whether in products or business models, Chinese entrepreneurs are also striving to be pioneers in innovation to satisfy the changing and growing demands of both domestic and foreign consumer markets.
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