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在反意疑問句中.doc

'在反意疑問句中.doc'
?· 在反意疑問句中,簡略問句的主語和謂語在人稱和數方面要和前面的陳述句保持一致,但是,也有不少不一樣的特殊情況,大致有25 種情況。1. Everybody is here, aren't they/isn't he? (指人的不定代詞作主語,簡略 問句一般用they, 也可用he)2. I don't think he is a doctor, is he? (陳述句是轉移否定,反意疑問句的主語和謂語必須和從句一致。)3. Open your books,(陳述句對第二人稱的祈使句,簡略問句可用will you? 4. Don't forget to write a letter to me, will you?(在否定祈使句中,只用will you?)5. Let's go to the station shall we?(Let's 包括聽話者,所以用shall we?)6. Let us go for a walk, will you?/(Let us 不包括聽話者,而是向聽話者提出建議或要求。)7. We must study all the subjects well, needn't we?(must在這里不表示"必須",只表示"有必要", 所以不重復must, 要用need.)8. It must be Xiao Wang, isn't it?(must be在這里表示推測,要用be 的適當形式)9. You must have seen the film "Shaolin Brothers", haven't you?(當must+不定式的完成式表示對過去事情的推測時,用have。)10. The boys mustn't play with fire, may they?(當must表示"禁止"時,反意問句要用may.)11. He used to get up early, didn't he/ usedn't he?(當陳述句含有used to 時,簡略問句用did,也可重復used.)12.We usually have breakfast at seven, don't we?(當have不作"有"解而用作行為動詞時,簡略問句用do 適當形式)13. You had to do it well, didn't you?(陳述部分的謂語包含have to, has to, had to時,疑問部分要用do 的適當形式。)14. Nothing can stop us now, can't it?(陳述部分用everything, nothing作主語時,疑問部分主語用it.)15. I am a three-good student, aren't I?(陳述部分用I am 時,疑問部分用aren't I.)16. There is something wrong with your TV set, isn't there?(陳述部分為there+be結構,疑問部分用ther,省略主語代詞。)17. I wish to go to the cinema, may I?(當陳述句是主語結構I wish, 用以征求對方意見,簡略問句用may I.)18. Tom has been reading novels, but he didn't read this afternoon, did he?(陳述句是并列句,簡略問句的主謂語應和后一個分句一致。)19. She dislikes smoking, doesn't she?(如果陳述部分里出現表示否定意義的某些詞 如never, hardly, few, little,nothing,nobody等,簡略問句要用肯定式;但是, 如果謂語是通過加前綴構成的否定詞,簡略問句用否定。)20. That China is a great socialist country is well known, isn't it?(不定式短語,動名詞短語或主語從句作主語,簡略問句的主語用it.)21. This is my pen, isn't it?(陳述部分的主語this ,that,簡略問句用it:陳述部分的主語these, those,簡略問句的主語用they.)22.None of it is here, is it?(在"none of…"結構中,如of 后的名詞或代詞是單數,后面的主語也為單數,這種情況,主要由于of 后的名詞或代詞為不可數名詞)23. In our class each of the students passed the exam, didn't he/they?(陳述部分如是"each of "結構作主語,若強調個別,簡略問句的主語用單數代詞;若強調全體,簡略問句用復數代詞。)24. We ought to make a greater contribution to the world revolution, shouldn't/oughtn't we?(陳述部分含ought to 時,簡略問句要用should,也可重復ought.)25. The girl daren't go home alone, dare she?(陳述部分的謂語含有dare, need時,看它們是情態動詞還是行為動詞,分別重復dare, need或 用do 的適當形式。)
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