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高考對非謂語動詞的考查 昝亞娟.ppt

'高考對非謂語動詞的考查 昝亞娟.ppt'
非謂語動詞 備考策略一:系統地總結和梳理知識 1. 現在分詞的各種形式: 一般式: doing 被動式: being done 完成式: having done 完成被動式: having been done 2. 動詞不定式的各種形式: 一般式: to do 被動式: to be done 進行式: to be doing 完成式: to have done 完成被動式: to have been done 完成進行式: to have been doing 3、 非謂語動詞的否定式: 在非謂語動詞前面加notJane stood there, not knowing what to do. 4、非謂語動詞的邏輯主語: 動名詞的邏輯主語:物主代詞, 所有格 作賓語時賓格 Would you mind my/me/Tom/Tom’s coming late? Mary’s/Her going abroad made Jack sad. 動詞不定式的邏輯主語:for sb. 動詞不定式復合結構:for sb. to do sth. It is convenient for us to go there by bike. 1. Sometimes I act as listening ear for fellow students _____ what is bothering them(2015湖南) A. to talk over B. talked over C. talk over D. having talked over2. It’s important for the figures _____ regularly. 11北京 A. to be updated B. to have been updated C. to update D. to have updated3. _____ the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement. (03上海)A. The president will attend B. The president to attend C. The president attended D. The president's attending 1. 后跟動詞不定式作賓語的動詞:decide/determine/resolve決心, learn, want/expect/hope/ wish/desire/long, manage refuse beg pretend offer promise choose, plan, agree, ask/demand, help attempt, claim, prepare, strive力求volunteer志愿提供, threaten威脅, aim旨在, undertake從事, decline拒絕, seek, tend 傾向于作某事 巧記后跟動詞不定式作賓語的動詞: 決心學習想希望 設法拒絕懇假裝 主動承諾選計劃 同意要求等幫忙非謂語動詞基礎知識 2. 后跟動詞動名詞作賓語的動詞: advise, enjoy, finish, report, admit 承認 allow 允許 appreciate 感激 avoid 避免 consider 考慮 delay 推遲 deny 否認 discuss 討論dislike 不喜歡 escape 逃脫 excuse 原諒 fancy 設想 forbid 禁止 forgive 原諒 imagine 想象 keep 保持 mention 提及 mind 介意 miss 沒趕上 pardon 原諒 permit 允許 practise 練習 prevent 阻止 prohibit 禁止 put off 推遲 risk 冒險 stop 停止 suggest 建議 can’t help 禁不住 feel like 想要 give up 放棄 keep on 繼續 put off 推遲 set about 開始,著手 object to 反對 insist on 堅持 pay attention to 注意 stick to 堅持 get down to 開始認真做 look forwards to 期盼 be/get used to 習慣于 lead to 導致 be devoted to 致力于3. 有些動詞后跟動名詞和動詞不定式區別不大 like begin, start, prefer, continue, intend 4. 下面的動詞后動詞可接不定式或動名詞,但是含義不同 forget, remember, regret, try, mean, can’t help。   stop to do sth.停下來去做另一件事  stop doing sth.停止(正在)做某事  forget to do sth.忘記去做某事(還未做)  forget doing sth.忘記做過某事(已經做了)  remember to do sth.記住去做某事(還未做)  remember doing sth.記住曾做過某事  try to do sth.試圖要做某事   try doing sth.試著做某事  go on to do sth.接著做另一件事(已做完一件)  go on doing sth.繼續做(原來未做完的)某件事 5. need, require, want, deserve 后接doing 表示被動。 6. 后跟動詞不定式作賓語補足語的動詞和詞組有:advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, command, direct, encourage, expect, forbid, force, get, help, intend, inspire, instruct, invite, like, order, permit, persuade, prefer, press, promise, remind, request, require, teach, tell, urge, want, warn, wish, wait for, call on, depend on, care for, long for 7. 后接不帶to 的動詞不定式作賓語補足語的動詞有: (1)感官動詞:feel, 。省略部分。 C. Having heard D. To be hearing6. ______ to sunlight for too much time will do harm to one's skin. (上海2002) A. Exposed B. Having exposed C. Being exposed D. After being exposed7._____ the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement. (03上海)A. The president will attend B. The president to attend C. The president attended D. The president's attending 非謂語動詞作表語 1. For those with family members far away, the personal computer and the phone are important in staying _____. (2014福建) A. connected B. connecting C. to connect D. to be connected2. While waiting for the opportunity to get _____, Henry did his best to perform his duty. (2014安徽) A. promote B. promoted C. promoting D. to promote3. In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained ______ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud.A. sticking B. stuck C. to be stuck D. to have stuck 4. Please remain __________ until the plane has come to a complete stop.(09四川) A. seated B. seating C. to seat D. seat1. It’s quite hot today. Do you feel like _____ for a swim? A. to go B. going C go D. having gone(14陜西)2. When it comes to ______ in public , no one can match him. (2014江西) A. speak    B.  speaking     C. being spoken     D. be spoken3.The engine just won't start. Something seems ____ wrong with it. (13重慶) A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone4. I remembered ________ the door before I left the office, but forgot to turn off the lights. (2012安徽) A. locking B. to lock C. having locked D. to have locked 非謂語動詞作賓語 5. Shortly after suffering from a massive earthquake and _____ to ruins, the city took on a new look. (13江蘇) A. reducing B. reduced C. being reduced D. having reduced6. China recently tightened its waters controls near the Huangyan Island to prevent Chinese fishing boats from ______in the South China Sea. (2012福建) A. attacking B. having attacked C. being attacked D. having been attacked7. We've had a good start, but next, more work needs ____ to achieve the final success. 12湖南 A. being done B. do C. to be done D. to do8. Young people may risk _____ deaf if they are exposed to very loud music every day. (2013上海) A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone9. Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains ______ whether they will enjoy it. A. to see B. to be see C. seeing D. seen 10. Do let your mother know all the truth. She appears ______ everything. (上海2001) A. to tell B. to be told C. to be telling D. to have been told 11. The discovery of new evidence led to _______. (上海03) A. the thief having caught B. catch the thief C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught
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